The summer heat in 2018, inspiring the choice of “Heißzeit” (“hot age”) as Germany’s Word of the Year in 2018, is not the only clear indication that climate change has significantly adverse consequences – not only for agriculture, but also in particular for the energy industry and other areas of the economy. It is becoming increasingly noticeable for society.
With its work at various levels, the Systems Analysis research department is actively shaping the transformation processes required to achieve the Paris climate protection goals (limiting warming to between 1.5 and 2° Celsius). Strategic Systems Analysis works intensively at the interface between science and policy. In providing policy advice, for example, it takes on evaluation and monitoring tasks in order to identify progress and obstacles, explore solution options and develop new, effective instruments to support the energy transition and climate protection at national and regional levels. This is supplemented by potential and development analyses at the technology level and profound knowledge from innovation research in order to identify robust future paths and derive no- regret strategies.
The Simulation and Optimisation team is increasingly focussed on the technical level and uses methods from the machine learning field for a diverse range of applications – from optimising processes in photovoltaic production to image recognition for developing technical systems to protect endangered bird species from wind turbines. The Wind Energy team is working closely together with the WindForS research cluster to build and commission the world’s first wind energy research test site in mountainous and complex terrain in order to advance the energy transition at this level in the future through new research results. This also includes accompanying nature conservation research, which is a separate research focus at the test field.