Data collection and analysis as well as data processing concerning different issues, objectives and players is part of the core capabilities of the ZSW-department systems analysis. The ZSW disposes a reliable data basis, which has been established, maintained and developed since decades. On that page, the ZSW publishes data on renewables energy sources and electromobility as well. The tables on gross electricity generation, set up in cooperation with the German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW), are being updated monthly. Finally, national and international annual data on stock and registration of electric vehicles provides a global view of the electromobility.

Contact

Dipl.-Ing. Thomas Nieder
+49 (0) 711 78 70-289

Contact

Dipl.-Volksw. Andreas Püttner
+49 (0) 711 78 70-268
Electricity generation

The ZSW is continously evaluating current data on electricity generation from renewable energy sources in cooperation with the German Association on Electricity and Water Industries (BDEW). The development of renewables' based electricity generation can be taken from the tables below.

// Monthly electricity generation

Hydropower
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 2,050 1,609 1,934 1,562 1,005
February 1,755 1,374 1,424 1,931 1,340
March 1,838 1,385 1,700 1,755 1,932
April 2,020 1,313 1,952 1,954 1,503
May 2,258 1,823 2,198 2,083 1,994
June 2,137 1,468 2,010 2,218 1,654
July 1,841 1,948 1,497 2,134 1,752
August 1,560 2,062 1,333 1,884 1,880
September 1,713 1,763 1,215 1,421 1,809
October 1,856 1,651 1,208 1,131 1,622
November 1,930 1,702 1,173 1,388 1,804
December 2,040 1,490 1,333 1,087 1,963
Year 22,998 19,587 18,977 20,546 20,257
Wind energy onshore
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 5,527 6,948 9,507 8,209 6,857
February 3,511 6,847 5,265 9,038 8,300
March 5,124 5,044 7,243 5,372 8,131
April 3,640 3,959 5,139 5,236 6,968
May 3,126 4,140 4,928 5,408 4,659
June 3,720 2,759 3,793 2,925 6,111
July 1,886 2,604 5,371 4,049 4,756
August 2,551 3,715 3,410 4,037 4,554
September 3,724 2,733 4,849 3,664 5,480
October 6,053 4,166 3,143 4,519 10,683
November 4,800 4,351 9,403 7,038 8,975
December 8,309 9,742 10,128 8,300 13,183
Year 51,972 57,008 72,178 67,795 88,655
Wind energy offshore
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 93 133 256 1,421 1,267
February 83 138 229 1,184 1,959
March 122 172 326 867 1,531
April 81 76 331 909 1,438
May 68 68 593 943 1,244
June 84 52 506 576 1,286
July 37 57 747 787 963
August 78 71 613 901 1,159
September 82 57 810 721 1,040
October 99 153 933 1,290 2,280
November 41 180 1,359 1,343 1,694
December 52 315 1,580 1,332 2,086
Year 920 1,472 8,284 12,274 17,946
Photovoltaics
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 358 812 605 701 867
February 672 1,789 1,494 1,346 1,610
March 2,374 3,622 3,116 2,586 3,512
April 3,286 4,022 4,931 4,150 4,305
May 3,676 4,505 4,907 5,218 5,712
June 4,502 5,312 5,067 5,274 5,993
July 5,364 4,858 5,475 5,469 5,457
August 4,343 4,291 5,140 5,223 5,140
September 2,782 3,181 3,600 4,259 3,439
October 2,004 2,160 2,172 1,859 2,380
November 841 1,068 1,269 1,129 928
December 807 437 950 883 552
Year 31,010 36,056 38,726 38,098 39,895
Geothermal energy
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 5 12 12 15 17
February 4 8 11 14 17
March 4 8 10 16 16
April 3 7 10 16 16
May 3 9 12 15 14
June 4 5 9 14 13
July 7 7 10 11 14
August 9 9 7 13 16
September 9 4 10 12 16
October 8 6 17 15 18
November 10 8 13 16 17
December 12 15 15 18 20
Year 80 98 134 175 194
Biomass (incl. biogenic gases)
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 3,601 3,617 3,693 3,882 3,921
February 3,299 3,349 3,423 3,613 3,645
March 3,541 3,630 3,721 3,931 3,972
April 3,323 3,491 3,582 3,742 3,781
May 3,577 3,635 3,733 3,812 3,854
June 3,267 3,492 3,591 3,572 3,610
July 3,307 3,556 3,662 3,609 3,649
August 3,361 3,641 3,752 3,614 3,653
September 3,345 3,551 3,663 3,653 3,700
October 3,470 3,750 3,868 3,803 3,854
November 3,483 3,733 3,847 3,810 3,861
December 3,583 3,901 4,018 3,954 3,999
Year 41,156 43,345 44,553 44,995 45,500
Biogenic fraction of waste
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 398 467 428 477 472
February 363 442 433 457 458
March 408 508 491 499 485
April 412 519 457 446 506
May 483 511 491 504 481
June 437 511 481 475 503
July 510 533 508 523 516
August 512 545 510 542 519
September 470 502 450 498 471
October 489 519 507 518 516
November 464 511 491 491 489
December 467 504 521 500 515
Year 5,415 6,070 5,768 5,930 5,930
Renewable energy sources
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 12,032 13,598 16,435 16,267 14,406
February 9,687 13,947 12,279 17,583 17,329
March 13,411 14,369 16,607 15,026 19,579
April 12,765 13,387 16,402 16,453 18,517
May 13,191 14,691 16,862 17,983 17,958
June 14,151 13,599 15,457 15,054 19,170
July 12,952 13,563 17,270 16,582 17,107
August 12,414 14,334 14,765 16,214 16,921
September 12,125 11,791 14,597 14,228 15,955
October 13,979 12,405 11,848 13,135 21,353
November 11,569 11,553 17,555 15,215 17,768
December 15,270 16,404 18,545 16,074 22,318
Year 153,551 163,636 188,620 189,813 218,378


Data is provisional and may changes during the year.


Sources:
BDEW Quick Survey, ZSW, Federal Statistical Office, EEX, Netztransparenz.de, Transmission System Operators, Bundesnetzagentur für Elektrizität, Gas, Telekommunikation, Post und Eisenbahnen.

Electromobility

The ZSW evaluates continously data on stock as well as on new registrations of battery-electric vehicles (BEV) and other electric vehicles (such as Plug-in Hybrid electric vehicles, PHEV). The development of electric-based mobility in Germany and other countries around the world can be taken from the tables below. Data on sales of different models completes the whole review.

// Global EV stock

by selected countries
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
China 45,120 98,490 304,810 638,310 1,212,280
USA 171,020 293,630 408,090 563,760 751,510
Norway 20,370 44,770 79,110 124,960 187,270
UK 9,550 24,050 54,700 78,680 125,940
France 31,630 48,040 75,430 109,340 149,350
Netherlands 29,410 44,500 88,270 113,640 121,540
Germany* 13,510 23,910 36,830 55,000 92,740
Japan 71,500 103,560 128,450 149,060 201,410
Sweden 2,650 7,310 16,280 29,780 49,900
Canada 5,680 11,070 18,010 29,240 47,350
Switzerland 2,600 5,020 11,250 17,180 25,130
Spain 9,010 10,970 13,830 20,010 28,340
Rest of World 19,000 44,000 74,000 124,000 224,000
Total 431,050 759,320 1,309,060 2,052,960 3,216,760
by manufacturers (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan 96,340 157,500 200,240 246,980 291,980
BYD 6,450 24,770 86,390 186,560 286,430
Tesla 28,280 57,750 103,260 175,270 262,040
General Motors 66,080 89,750 110,600 143,080 163,930
Volkswagen 2,680 14,570 70,170 124,810 177,330
BAIC 1,350 6,580 23,070 64,840 161,510
Mitsubishi 38,200 74,310 116,440 139,390 161,310
BMW 2,680 19,220 48,020 93,080 161,020
Toyota 46,240 66,560 73,160 76,060 125,920
Ford 18,720 41,460 62,000 87,660 109,160
by models (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan Leaf 96,340 154,970 195,170 238,980 282,530
Tesla Model S 25,670 55,130 100,440 148,600 193,660
Chevrolet Volt 58,420 78,960 95,880 124,100 148,820
Mitsubishi Outlander 18,590 51,670 91,450 113,330 135,170
Toyota Prius 44,950 64,080 66,470 66,890 95,820
BYD Qin 0 14,750 46,650 68,520 89,260
BMW i3 1,700 16,500 38,580 58,620 83,870
BAIC EC-Series 0 0 0 4,130 82,210
Renault Zoe 8,050 18,310 35,830 54,810 80,760
Zhi Dou D1/D2 0 0 6,160 26,450 68,790

// EV stock in Germany

by vehicle category
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Mini 8,115 8,986 9,770 13,965 14,733
Small cars 5,384 9,163 14,428 23,707 24,538
Compact class cars 4,512 8,273 11,841 22,456 23,162
Medium sized cars 335 1,211 2,512 4,802 5,032
Upper medium cars 0 33 171 1,316 1,228
Luxury class 1,300 2,857 4,087 6,445 6,443
Vans 449 843 1,389 2,515 2,619
Utilities 85 204 327 459 467
SUV 911 1,338 2,694 6,857 7,036
Sports cars 409 824 1,010 1,250 1,250
Off-road vehicles 86 720 2,425 3,851 3,950
Others 2,327 2,381 4,343 5,114 5,138
BEV total 18,948 25,502 34,022 53,621 55,608
PHEV total 4,965 11,331 20,975 39,116 39,988

// Stock of other EV in Germany

by vehicle category
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Motorcycles 6,566 7,300 8,498 9,388 9,484
Busses, thereof 279 295 330 372 375
- Trolleybusses 66 66 66 66 66
- Plug-in Hybrids 163 158 162 185 186
Utility vehic., thereof 4,147 5,012 7,310 10,470 10,533
- Trucks 3,571 4,367 6,595 9,713 9,771
- Tractors 289 329 369 398 401
- Others 287 316 346 359 361
Total (incl. cars) 34,905 49,440 71,135 112,967 115,988
Nachrichtlich:
Motorc. Insur.sticker 63,536 79,159 91,778 105,389 106,668
Pedelecs 1.996 2.503 3.066 3.916 3.930

// Global EV registrations

by selected countries
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
China 17,640 53,830 207,380 336,000 579,000
USA 96,550 123,210 115,930 158,970 195,140
Norway 10,790 24,400 34,340 45,850 62,320
UK 4,180 14,500 28,190 36,910 47,260
France 13,950 16,570 27,770 34,750 41,720
Netherlands 23,150 15,090 43,770 26,110 9,240
Germany* 7,440 13,050 23,460 25,150 54,490
Japan 29,760 32,420 25,690 22,380 56,000
Sweden 1,550 4,670 9,000 13,570 20,310
Canada 3,180 5,410 6,990 11,350 18,390
Switzerland 1,340 2,420 6,240 5,920 8,020
Spain 1,270 1,960 2,870 6,180 8,330
Rest of World 10,000 25,000 30,000 50,000 100,000
Total 220,800 332,530 561,630 773,140 1,200,220
by manufacturers (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan 48,160 61,160 42,740 46,740 45,000
BYD 2,550 18,320 61,620 100,170 99,870
Tesla 23,420 29,470 45,510 72,010 86,770
General Motors 28,250 23,670 20,850 32,480 20,850
Volkswagen 2,430 11,890 55,600 54,640 52,520
BAIC 710 5,230 16,490 41,770 96,670
Mitsubishi 23,540 36,110 42,130 22,950 21,920
BMW 1,800 16,540 28,800 45,060 67,940
Toyota 20,400 20,320 6,600 2,900 49,860
Ford 15,550 22,740 20,540 25,660 21,500
by models (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan Leaf 48,160 58,630 40,200 43,810 43,550
Tesla Model S 23,170 29,460 45,310 48,160 45,060
Chevrolet Volt 24,930 20,540 16,920 28,220 24,720
Mitsubishi Outlander 18,590 33,080 39,780 21,880 21,840
Toyota Prius 19,310 19,130 2,390 420 28,930
BYD Qin 0 14,750 31,900 21,870 20,740
BMW i3 1,700 14,800 22,080 20,040 25,250
BAIC EC-Series 0 0 0 4,130 78,080
Renault Zoe 7,850 10,260 17,520 18,980 25,950
Zhi Dou D1/D2 0 0 6,160 20,290 42,340

// EV registrations in Germany

by selected models
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Total BEV , thereof 8,522 12,363 11,410 25,056 2,764
- Renault ZOE 1,498 1,787 2,804 4,322 299
- Smart ED 1,589 676 79 2,987 729
- BMW i3 1,242 1,051 1,521 2,791 210
- Tesla Model S 815 1,582 1,474 2,241 45
- VW e-Golf 1,040 1,092 860 3,026 450
- VW e-UP 919 547 592 1,078 73
Total PHEV, thereof 4,527 11,101 13,744 29,436 2,870
- Audi A3 e-tron 460 1,809 1,615 4,454 154
- BMW 225xe Active 20 113 1,203 3,680 236
- VW Golf GTE 495 2,087 1,314 1,935 236
- Mitsubishi Outlander 1,051 2,126 1,436 2,231 87
- VW Passat GTE 0 986 1,245 2,234 293
- Mercedes GLE 500e 0 24 309 2,162 264

// New registrations of other EV in Germany

by vehicle category
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Motorcycles 1,274 1,075 1,512 1,236 128
Busses, thereof 76 26 42 42 3
- Trolleybusses 0 0 0 0 0
- Plug-in Hybrids 50 5 4 23 1
Utility vehic., thereof 810 1,131 2,524 3,785 76
- Trucks 742 1,033 2,435 3,724 69
- Tractors 43 65 53 46 5
- Others 25 33 36 15 2
Total (incl. cars) 15,209 25,696 29,232 59,555 5,841
Nachrichtlich:
Motorc. Insur.sticker 16,184 22,881 15,926 18,902 1,705
Pedelecs 469,900 522,700 592,900 789,000 14,100


* rounded figures
** Data is provisional
*** Data is provisional,
reference period including January 2018

 

Sources:
Own calculations ZSW according to German Federal Motor Transport Authority, ZIV Zweirad-Industrie-Verband, European Alternative Fuel Observatory, Hybridcars.com, EV Sales, EV Norway, Avere France, FCE, EV Volumes, Department for Transport UK, Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), CAAM, Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland, Bil Sweden, Green Car Reports, auto-schweiz.