Data collection and analysis as well as data processing concerning different issues, objectives and players is part of the core capabilities of the ZSW-department systems analysis. The ZSW disposes a reliable data basis, which has been established, maintained and developed since decades. On that page, the ZSW publishes data on renewables energy sources and electromobility as well. The tables on gross electricity generation as well as installed capacity, set up in cooperation with the German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW), are being updated monthly. Finally, national and international annual data on stock and registration of electric vehicles provides a global view of the electromobility.

Contact

Dipl.-Ing. Thomas Nieder
+49 (0) 711 78 70-289

Contact

Dipl.-Volksw. Andreas Püttner
+49 (0) 711 78 70-268
Electricity generation

The ZSW is continously evaluating current data on renewables' based electricity generation as well as installed capacity in cooperation with the German Association on Electricity and Water Industries (BDEW). The development ordered by energy source can be taken from the tables below.

// Monthly electricity generation

Hydropower
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 1,609 1,934 1,562 996 1,849
February 1,374 1,424 1,931 1,330 1,530
March 1,385 1,700 1,755 1,935 1,522
April 1,313 1,952 1,954 1,495 1,726
May 1,823 2,198 2,082 1,974 1,701
June 1,468 2,010 2,217 1,672 1,501
July 1,948 1,497 2,134 1,762 1,347
August 2,062 1,333 1,884 1,884 1,160
September 1,763 1,215 1,421 1,823 1,088
October 1,651 1,208 1,131 1,620 0
November 1,702 1,173 1,388 1,796 0
December 1,490 1,333 1,087 1,863 0
Year 19,588 18,977 20,546 20,150 13,424

// Monthly installed capacity

Hydropower
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 5,659 5,668 5,673 5,731 5,381
February 5,659 5,668 5,673 5,731 5,449
March 5,659 5,668 5,675 5,732 5,440
April 5,659 5,668 5,675 5,742 5,424
May 5,659 5,668 5,675 5,742 5,423
June 5,659 5,668 5,675 5,742 5,422
July 5,659 5,668 5,675 5,743 5,775
August 5,659 5,668 5,675 5,743 5,775
September 5,663 5,668 5,675 5,743 5,775
October 5,660 5,669 5,675 5,753 0
November 5,660 5,669 5,675 5,753 0
December 5,660 5,669 5,675 5,753 0
Year 5,660 5,669 5,675 5,753 0
Wind energy onshore
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 6,947 9,505 8,221 6,801 12,956
February 6,846 5,264 9,053 8,232 6,606
March 5,044 7,242 5,380 8,065 9,330
April 3,959 5,138 5,244 6,911 7,534
May 4,139 4,927 5,416 4,621 6,083
June 2,759 3,792 2,929 6,061 4,765
July 2,604 5,370 4,055 4,717 3,793
August 3,714 3,409 4,043 4,517 5,209
September 2,732 4,848 3,670 5,435 6,384
October 4,166 3,143 4,526 10,597 0
November 4,350 9,401 7,049 8,903 0
December 9,742 10,124 8,313 13,077 0
Year 57,002 72,163 67,899 87,937 62,660
Wind energy onshore
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 33,522 37,830 41,363 45,659 50,503
February 33,796 38,004 41,559 46,056 50,700
March 34,148 38,208 42,105 46,404 51,411
April 34,357 38,349 42,244 46,716 51,459
May 34,569 38,507 42,497 47,261 51,549
June 34,865 38,697 43,154 47,652 52,042
July 35,380 38,853 43,214 47,991 52,029
August 35,603 39,104 43,459 48,293 52,070
September 35,987 39,423 44,163 49,159 52,247
October 36,330 39,689 44,254 49,260 0
November 36,929 40,193 44,545 49,562 0
December 37,681 41,248 45,406 50,414 0
Year 37,681 41,248 45,406 50,414 0
Wind energy offshore
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 133 257 1,422 1,246 1,909
February 138 230 1,185 1,926 1,562
March 172 326 868 1,506 1,641
April 76 332 910 1,414 1,616
May 68 595 944 1,223 1,319
June 52 507 577 1,265 1,140
July 57 749 788 947 768
August 71 615 902 1,139 1,075
September 57 812 722 1,023 1,810
October 153 935 1,291 2,242 0
November 180 1,364 1,345 1,666 0
December 315 1,584 1,334 2,054 0
Year 1,472 8,306 12,288 17,651 12,840
Wind energy offshore
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 508 1,089 3,284 4,223 5,408
February 614 1,334 3,366 4,283 5,408
March 622 1,629 3,391 4,379 5,408
April 622 1,971 3,391 4,530 5,408
May 622 2,319 3,510 4,702 5,408
June 622 2,783 3,554 4,770 5,408
July 622 3,084 3,835 4,837 5,456
August 622 3,210 3,892 4,905 5,643
September 723 3,253 3,952 4,930 5,820
October 789 3,271 4,033 4,954 0
November 860 3,271 4,085 5,250 0
December 994 3,284 4,133 5,408 0
Year 994 3,284 4,133 5,408 0
Photovoltaics
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 812 605 701 857 797
February 1,789 1,494 1,346 1,590 2,000
March 3,622 3,116 2,586 3,469 2,947
April 4,022 4,931 4,150 4,255 5,436
May 4,505 4,907 5,218 5,645 6,669
June 5,312 5,067 5,274 5,923 6,001
July 4,858 5,475 5,469 5,393 6,936
August 4,291 5,140 5,223 5,080 5,830
September 3,181 3,600 4,259 3,399 4,577
October 2,160 2,172 1,859 2,352 0
November 1,068 1,269 1,129 917 0
December 437 950 883 545 0
Year 36,057 38,726 38,097 39,425 41,193
Photovoltaics
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 36,832 38,027 39,410 40,924 42,823
February 36,903 38,095 39,455 41,066 43,011
March 37,002 38,194 39,523 41,181 43,178
April 37,107 38,297 39,609 41,328 43,410
May 37,238 38,390 39,716 41,526 43,628
June 37,366 38,477 39,821 41,743 43,961
July 37,644 38,662 39,894 41,885 44,263
August 37,710 38,997 40,007 42,039 44,556
September 37,766 39,068 40,116 42,153 44,676
October 37,811 39,131 40,227 42,312 0
November 37,863 39,200 40,388 42,422 0
December 37,900 39,349 40,879 42,573 0
Year 37,900 39,349 40,879 42,573 0
Geothermal energy
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 12 12 15 14 21
February 8 11 14 15 20
March 8 10 16 14 17
April 7 10 16 13 16
May 9 12 15 11 15
June 5 9 14 10 12
July 7 10 11 11 13
August 9 7 13 13 13
September 4 10 12 13 14
October 6 17 15 16 0
November 8 13 16 15 0
December 15 15 18 17 0
Year 98 136 175 162 141
Geothermal energy
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 30 34 40 40 40
February 30 34 40 40 40
March 30 34 40 40 40
April 30 34 40 40 44
May 30 34 40 40 44
June 30 34 40 40 44
July 30 34 40 40 44
August 30 34 40 40 44
September 34 34 40 40 44
October 34 34 40 40 0
November 34 34 40 40 0
December 34 34 40 40 0
Year 34 34 40 40 0
Biomass (incl. biogenic gases)
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 3,617 3,693 3,903 3,911 3,929
February 3,349 3,423 3,596 3,685 3,711
March 3,630 3,721 3,903 3,947 3,971
April 3,491 3,582 3,668 3,678 3,702
May 3,635 3,733 3,820 3,807 3,835
June 3,492 3,591 3,610 3,578 3,620
July 3,556 3,662 3,608 3,648 3,692
August 3,641 3,752 3,646 3,642 3,689
September 3,551 3,663 3,648 3,550 3,601
October 3,750 3,868 3,832 3,805 0
November 3,733 3,847 3,791 3,756 0
December 3,901 4,018 3,971 3,962 0
Year 43,346 44,553 44,996 44,969 33,750
Biomass (incl. biogenic gases)
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 7,243 7,455 7,544 7,745 8,073
February 7,248 7,457 7,548 7,764 8,102
March 7,253 7,459 7,562 7,783 8,130
April 7,270 7,465 7,573 7,804 8,149
May 7,285 7,471 7,584 7,821 8,182
June 7,302 7,478 7,603 7,844 8,214
July 7,314 7,482 7,612 7,868 8,233
August 7,323 7,486 7,626 7,892 8,269
September 7,344 7,494 7,640 7,910 8,286
October 7,355 7,498 7,660 7,948 0
November 7,397 7,515 7,686 7,985 0
December 7,449 7,535 7,734 8,049 0
Year 7,449 7,535 7,734 8,049 0
Biogenic fraction of waste
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 467 428 477 476 507
February 442 433 457 463 471
March 508 491 499 497 490
April 519 457 446 507 518
May 511 491 504 493 552
June 511 481 475 504 500
July 533 508 523 517 541
August 545 510 542 517 542
September 502 450 498 470 540
October 519 507 518 518 0
November 511 491 491 489 0
December 504 521 500 504 0
Year 6,072 5,768 5,930 5,955 4,661
Biogenic fraction of waste *
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 1,883 1,931 1,950 2,000 2,093
February 1,883 1,931 1,951 1,999 2,082
March 1,883 1,931 1,950 2,000 2,077
April 1,883 1,931 1,951 2,000 2,077
May 1,883 1,932 1,951 2,000 2,083
June 1,883 1,930 1,957 2,000 2,080
July 1,880 1,925 1,957 2,018 2,080
August 1,885 1,927 1,958 2,021 2,080
September 1,888 1,926 1,958 2,012 2,080
October 1,888 1,925 1,957 2,008 0
November 1,888 1,924 1,957 2,008 0
December 1,888 1,924 1,957 2,008 0
Year 1,888 1,924 1,957 2,008 0
Renewable energy sources
in GWh 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 13,597 16,434 16,301 14,301 21,968
February 13,946 12,279 17,582 17,241 15,900
March 14,369 16,606 15,007 19,433 19,918
April 13,387 16,402 16,388 18,273 20,548
May 14,690 16,863 17,999 17,774 20,174
June 13,599 15,457 15,096 19,013 17,539
July 13,563 17,271 16,588 16,995 17,090
August 14,333 14,766 16,253 16,792 17,518
September 11,790 14,598 14,230 15,713 18,014
October 12,405 11,850 13,172 21,150 0
November 11,552 17,558 15,209 17,542 0
December 16,404 18,545 16,106 22,022 0
Year 163,635 188,629 189,931 216,249 168,669
Renewable energy sources
in MW 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
January 83,795 90,103 97,313 104,321 112,227
February 84,250 90,591 97,640 104,940 112,710
March 84,713 91,191 98,294 105,519 113,607
April 85,045 91,784 98,530 106,159 113,893
May 85,403 92,388 99,021 107,092 114,233
June 85,844 93,136 99,845 107,790 115,091
July 86,649 93,784 100,269 108,364 115,800
August 86,947 94,499 100,698 108,912 116,355
September 87,518 94,939 101,585 109,935 116,847
October 87,979 95,292 101,888 110,266 0
November 88,742 95,882 102,419 111,012 0
December 89,717 97,119 103,866 112,237 0
Year 89,717 97,119 103,866 112,237 0


Data is provisional and may changes during the year.
* Installed capacity of thermal waste incineration plants is not part of total renewables' based capacity.


Sources:
BDEW Quick Survey, ZSW, Federal Statistical Office, EEX, Netztransparenz.de, Transmission System Operators, Bundesnetzagentur für Elektrizität, Gas, Telekommunikation, Post und Eisenbahnen.

Electromobility

The ZSW evaluates continously data on stock as well as on new registrations of battery-electric vehicles (BEV) and other electric vehicles (such as Plug-in Hybrid electric vehicles, PHEV). The development of electric-based mobility in Germany and other countries around the world can be taken from the tables below. Data on sales of different models completes the whole review.

// Global EV stock

by selected countries
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
China 45,120 98,490 304,810 638,310 1,212,280
USA 171,020 293,630 408,090 563,760 751,510
Norway 20,370 44,770 79,110 124,960 187,270
UK 9,550 24,050 54,700 78,680 125,940
France 31,630 48,040 75,430 109,340 149,350
Netherlands 29,410 44,500 88,270 113,640 121,540
Germany* 13,510 23,910 36,830 55,000 98,280
Japan 71,500 103,560 128,450 149,060 201,410
Sweden 2,650 7,310 16,280 29,780 49,900
Canada 5,680 11,070 18,010 29,240 47,350
Switzerland 2,600 5,020 11,250 17,180 25,130
Spain 9,010 10,970 13,830 20,010 28,340
Rest of World 19,000 44,000 74,000 124,000 224,000
Total 431,050 759,320 1,309,060 2,052,960 3,222,300
by manufacturers (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan 96,340 157,500 200,240 246,980 291,980
BYD 6,450 24,770 86,390 186,560 286,430
Tesla 28,280 57,750 103,260 175,270 262,040
General Motors 66,080 89,750 110,600 143,080 193,470
Volkswagen 2,680 14,570 70,170 124,810 177,330
BAIC 1,350 6,580 23,070 64,840 161,510
Mitsubishi 38,200 74,310 116,440 139,390 161,310
BMW 2,680 19,220 48,020 93,080 161,020
Toyota 46,240 66,560 73,160 76,060 125,920
Ford 18,720 41,460 62,000 87,660 109,160
by models (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan Leaf 96,340 154,970 195,170 238,980 282,530
Tesla Model S 25,670 55,130 100,440 148,600 193,660
Chevrolet Volt 58,420 78,960 95,880 124,100 148,820
Mitsubishi Outlander 18,590 51,670 91,450 113,330 135,170
Toyota Prius 44,950 64,080 66,470 66,890 95,820
BYD Qin 0 14,750 46,650 68,520 89,260
BMW i3 1,700 16,500 38,580 58,620 83,870
BAIC EC-Series 0 0 0 4,130 82,210
Renault Zoe 8,050 18,310 35,830 54,810 80,760
Zhi Dou D1/D2 0 0 6,160 26,450 68,790

// EV stock in Germany

by vehicle category
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Mini 8,115 8,986 9,770 13,965 18,321
Small cars 5,384 9,163 14,428 23,707 34,738
Compact class cars 4,512 8,273 11,841 22,456 32,636
Medium sized cars 335 1,211 2,512 4,945 5,951
Upper medium cars 0 33 171 1,315 2,672
Luxury class 1,300 2,857 4,087 6,324 7,553
Vans 449 843 1,389 2,515 3,010
Utilities 85 204 327 459 520
SUV 911 1,338 2,694 6,849 9,391
Sports cars 409 824 1,010 1,248 1,503
Off-road vehicles 88 722 2,427 3,883 4,993
Others 2,325 2,379 4,341 10,614 11,592
BEV total 18,948 25,502 34,022 53,861 75,155
PHEV total 4,965 11,331 20,975 44,419 57,725

// Stock of other EV in Germany

by vehicle category
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Motorcycles 6,566 7,300 8,498 9,142 9,970
Busses, thereof 116 138 169 184 205
- Trolleybusses 66 66 66 66 66
Utility vehic., thereof 4,147 5,012 7,310 12,638 15,133
- Trucks 3,571 4,367 6,595 11,813 14,282
- Tractors 289 329 369 437 455
- Others 287 316 346 388 396
Total (incl. cars) 34,742 49,283 70,974 120,244 158,188
Nachrichtlich:
Motorc. Insur.sticker 63,536 79,159 91,778 104,893 117,926
Pedelecs 1.996 2.503 3.066 3.916 4.810

// Global EV registrations

by selected countries
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
China 17,640 53,830 207,380 336,000 579,000
USA 96,550 123,210 115,930 158,970 195,140
Norway 10,790 24,400 34,340 45,850 62,320
UK 4,180 14,500 28,190 36,910 47,260
France 13,950 16,570 27,770 34,750 41,720
Netherlands 23,150 15,090 43,770 26,110 9,240
Germany* 7,440 13,050 23,460 25,150 54,490
Japan 29,760 32,420 25,690 22,380 56,000
Sweden 1,550 4,670 9,000 13,570 20,310
Canada 3,180 5,410 6,990 11,350 18,390
Switzerland 1,340 2,420 6,240 5,920 8,020
Spain 1,270 1,960 2,870 6,180 8,330
Rest of World 10,000 25,000 30,000 50,000 100,000
Total 220,800 332,530 561,630 773,140 1,200,220
by manufacturers (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan 48,160 61,160 42,740 46,740 45,000
BYD 2,550 18,320 61,620 100,170 99,870
Tesla 23,420 29,470 45,510 72,010 86,770
General Motors 28,250 23,670 20,850 32,480 50,390
Volkswagen 2,430 11,890 55,600 54,640 52,520
BAIC 710 5,230 16,490 41,770 96,670
Mitsubishi 23,540 36,110 42,130 22,950 21,920
BMW 1,800 16,540 28,800 45,060 67,940
Toyota 20,400 20,320 6,600 2,900 49,860
Ford 15,550 22,740 20,540 25,660 21,500
by models (selection)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Nissan Leaf 48,160 58,630 40,200 43,810 43,550
Tesla Model S 23,170 29,460 45,310 48,160 45,060
Chevrolet Volt 24,930 20,540 16,920 28,220 24,720
Mitsubishi Outlander 18,590 33,080 39,780 21,880 21,840
Toyota Prius 19,310 19,130 2,390 420 28,930
BYD Qin 0 14,750 31,900 21,870 20,740
BMW i3 1,700 14,800 22,080 20,040 25,250
BAIC EC-Series 0 0 0 4,130 78,080
Renault Zoe 7,850 10,260 17,520 18,980 25,950
Zhi Dou D1/D2 0 0 6,160 20,290 42,340

// EV registrations in Germany

by selected models
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Total BEV , thereof 8,522 12,363 11,410 25,056 27,964
- Renault ZOE 1,498 1,787 2,804 4,322 4,369
- Smart ED 1,589 676 79 2,987 3,720
- BMW i3 1,242 1,051 1,521 2,791 2,935
- Tesla Model S 815 1,582 1,474 2,241 1,104
- VW e-Golf 1,040 1,092 860 3,026 4,356
- VW e-UP 919 547 592 1,078 807
Total PHEV, thereof 4,527 11,101 13,744 29,436 27,563
- Audi A3 e-tron 460 1,809 1,615 4,454 1,633
- BMW 225xe Active 20 113 1,203 3,680 4,028
- VW Golf GTE 495 2,087 1,314 1,935 1,950
- Mitsubishi Outlander 1,051 2,126 1,436 2,230 1,529
- VW Passat GTE 0 986 1,245 2,234 2,078
- Mercedes GLE 500e 0 24 309 2,152 1,368

// New registrations of other EV in Germany

by vehicle category
2014 2015 2016 2017** 2018***
Motorcycles 1,274 1,075 1,512 981 1,138
Busses, thereof 76 26 42 23 21
- Trolleybusses 0 0 0 0 0
Utility vehic., thereof 810 1,131 2,524 5,441 2,833
- Trucks 742 1,033 2,435 5,292 2,795
- Tractors 43 65 53 93 28
- Others 25 33 36 56 10
Total (incl. cars) 15,209 25,696 29,232 60,937 59,518
Nachrichtlich:
Motorc. Insur.sticker 16,184 22,881 15,926 19,978 17,912
Pedelecs 469,900 522,700 592,900 789,000 896,500


* rounded figures
** Data is provisional
*** Data is provisional,
reference period including October 2018

 

Sources:
Own calculations ZSW according to German Federal Motor Transport Authority, ZIV Zweirad-Industrie-Verband, European Alternative Fuel Observatory, Hybridcars.com, EV Sales, EV Norway, Avere France, FCE, EV Volumes, Department for Transport UK, Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), CAAM, Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland, Bil Sweden, Green Car Reports, auto-schweiz.