Data collection and analysis as well as data processing concerning different issues, objectives and players is part of the core capabilities of the ZSW-department systems analysis. The ZSW disposes a reliable data basis, which has been established, maintained and developed since decades. On that page, the ZSW publishes data on renewables energy sources and electromobility as well. The tables on gross electricity generation, set up in cooperation with the German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW), are being updated monthly. Finally, national and international annual data on stock and registration of electric vehicles provides a global view of the electromobility.

Contact

Dipl.-Ing. Thomas Nieder
+49 (0) 711 78 70-289

Contact

Dipl.-Volksw. Andreas Püttner
+49 (0) 711 78 70-268
Electricity generation

The ZSW is continously evaluating current data on electricity generation from renewable energy sources in cooperation with the German Association on Electricity and Water Industries (BDEW). The development of renewables' based electricity generation can be taken from the tables below.

// Monthly electricity generation

Hydropower
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 2,050 1,609 1,934 1,626 1,051
February 1,755 1,374 1,424 1,942 1,354
March 1,838 1,385 1,700 1,781 1,916
April 2,020 1,313 1,952 1,967 1,550
May 2,258 1,823 2,198 2,087
June 2,137 1,468 2,010 2,202
July 1,841 1,947 1,497 2,130
August 1,560 2,062 1,333 1,885
September 1,713 1,763 1,215 1,440
October 1,856 1,651 1,208 1,228
November 1,930 1,702 1,173 1,487
December 2,040 1,490 1,333 1,140
Year 22,998 19,587 18,977 20,916
Wind energy onshore
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 5,403 6,814 9,341 7,877 6,591
February 3,432 6,715 5,173 8,672 7,978
March 5,009 4,947 7,117 5,155 7,816
April 3,558 3,883 5,049 5,024 6,698
May 3,056 4,060 4,842 5,189
June 3,637 2,706 3,727 2,806
July 1,844 2,554 5,278 3,885
August 2,493 3,643 3,350 3,874
September 3,641 2,680 4,765 3,516
October 5,917 4,086 3,089 4,336
November 4,692 4,267 9,240 6,750
December 8,122 9,554 9,951 7,964
Year 50,803 55,908 70,922 65,047
Wind energy offshore
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 92 131 256 1,431 1,273
February 82 136 229 1,192 1,968
March 120 169 326 873 1,538
April 80 75 331 916 1,445
May 67 67 594 950
June 83 51 506 581
July 36 56 747 793
August 77 70 613 908
September 80 56 810 727
October 97 151 933 1.299
November 41 178 1,360 1,353
December 51 310 1,580 1,342
Year 905 1,449 8,284 12,365
Photovoltaics
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 350 812 605 702 867
February 655 1,789 1,494 1,349 1,609
March 2,315 3,622 3,115 2,591 3,511
April 3,300 4,022 4,931 4,158 4,304
May 3,690 4,505 4,907 5,229
June 4,518 5,312 5,067 5,285
July 5,381 4,857 5,475 5,480
August 4,355 4,291 5,140 5,234
September 2,788 3,181 3,600 4,268
October 2,007 2,160 2,172 1,863
November 842 1,068 1,269 1,131
December 808 437 950 882
Year 31,010 36,056 38,726 38,171
Geothermal energy
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 5 12 12 14 13
February 4 8 11 13 13
March 4 8 10 15 12
April 3 7 10 15 14
May 4 9 12 14
June 5 5 9 13
July 7 7 10 10
August 9 9 7 12
September 9 4 10 11
October 8 6 16 14
November 10 8 13 15
December 12 15 14 16
Year 80 98 134 162
Biomass (incl. biogenic gases)
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 3,601 3,617 3,693 3,888 3,978
February 3,299 3,349 3,423 3,628 3,701
March 3,541 3,630 3,721 3,954 4,036
April 3,323 3,491 3,582 3,774 3,845
May 3,577 3,635 3,733 3,851
June 3,267 3,492 3,591 3,620
July 3,307 3,556 3,662 3,664
August 3,361 3,641 3,752 3,676
September 3,345 3,551 3,663 3,723
October 3,470 3,750 3,868 3,882
November 3,483 3,732 3,847 3,896
December 3,583 3,901 4,018 4,041
Year 41,157 43,345 44,553 45,598
Biogenic fraction of waste
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 398 467 428 480 491
February 363 442 433 459 477
March 408 508 491 501 505
April 412 518 457 449 478
May 483 511 491 506
June 438 511 481 477
July 510 533 508 525
August 513 544 510 544
September 470 502 450 500
October 489 518 507 521
November 464 511 491 493
December 467 504 521 522
Year 5,415 6,069 5,768 5,979
Renewable energy sources
in GWh 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
January 11,898 13,461 16,269 16,018 14,264
February 9,590 13,813 12,187 17,255 17,100
March 13,235 14,269 16,481 14,870 19,334
April 12,696 13,309 16,312 16,303 18,334
May 13,134 14,610 16,777 17,826
June 14,084 13,545 15,391 14,984
July 12,926 13,510 17,177 16,487
August 12,368 14,260 14,705 16,133
September 12,046 11,737 14,513 14,184
October 13,844 12,322 11,794 13,143
November 11,462 11,465 17,393 15,125
December 15,083 16,211 18,368 15,907
Year 152,367 162,512 187,365 188,238


Data is provisional and may changes during the year.


Sources:
BDEW Quick Survey, ZSW, Federal Statistical Office, EEX, Netztransparenz.de, Transmission System Operators.

Electromobility

The ZSW evaluates continously data on stock as well as on new registrations of battery-electric vehicles (BEV) and other electric vehicles (such as Plug-in Hybrid electric vehicles, PHEV). The development of electric-based mobility in Germany and other countries around the world can be taken from the tables below. Data on sales of different models completes the whole review.

// Global EV stock

by selected countries
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
China 27,800 45,440 99,270 306,650 642,650
USA 74,740 171,300 294,510 410,430 569,350
Norway 9,910 20,370 44,770 79,110 124,740
UK 5,370 9,550 24,050 52,230 89,140
France 17,770 31,730 48,300 76,070 110,820
Netherlands 6,260 29,410 44,500 88,270 113,640
Germany* 7,790 13,510 23,910 37,020 50,970
Japan 41,860 71,620 104,040 129,730 152,100
Sweden 1,110 2,660 7,340 16,340 29,910
Canada 2,510 5,680 11,050 17,990 28,290
Switzerland 1,260 2,600 5,020 11,250 17,180
Rest of World 9,000 19,000 44,000 74,000 124,000
Total 205,380 422,870 750,760 1,299,090 2,052,790
by manufacturers
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Nissan 48,250 96,430 156,850 198,500 246,340
BYD 3,900 6,450 24,760 86,380 186,550
Tesla 4,860 28,280 57,740 103,190 173,110
General Motors 38,280 66,560 90,070 110,860 143,320
Mitsubishi 14,660 38,200 74,090 115,380 141,810
Volkswagen 250 2,680 14,290 68,510 120,740
BMW 900 2,740 19,040 47,250 91,960
Others 94,280 181,530 313,920 569,020 948,960
Total 205,380 422,870 750,760 1,299,090 2,052,790
by models
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Nissan Leaf 48,250 96,430 154,510 193,880 239,190
Tesla Model S 2,500 25,670 55,120 100,360 146,700
Chevrolet Volt 33,490 58,380 78,770 95,630 123,840
Mitsubishi Outlander 0 18,590 51,460 90,400 115,760
BYD Qin 0 0 14,750 46,650 68,520
Toyota Prius 25,640 44,950 64,070 66,410 66,810
BMW i3 0 1,700 16,290 38,120 58,570
Total 109,880 245,720 434,970 631,450 819,390

// EV stock in Germany

by vehicle category
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017**
Mini 6,113 8,115 8,986 9,599 10,247
Small cars 1,645 5,384 9,163 14,263 17,489
Compact class cars 2,738 4,512 8,510 11,590 14,372
Medium sized cars 172 335 1,165 2,016 2,512
Upper medium cars 0 0 33 291 832
Luxury class 389 1,300 3,046 4,740 5,914
Vans 320 449 843 1,389 1,769
Utilities 34 85 220 326 369
SUV 0 911 1,338 1,777 2,979
Sports cars 4 409 692 815 869
Off-road vehicles 0 86 716 2,698 3,230
Others 2,097 2,327 2,308 5,493 5,701
BEV total 12,156 18,948 25,502 34,022 39,935
PHEV total 1,356 4,965 11,518 20,975 26,348

// Stock of other EV in Germany

by vehicle category
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017**
Motorcycles 5,596 6,566 7,300 8,498 8,800
Busses, thereof 212 279 295 330 348
- Trolleybusses 66 66 66 66 66
- Plug-in Hybrids 113 163 158 162 172
Utility vehic., thereof 3,473 4,147 5,012 7,310 7,981
- Trucks 2,931 3,571 4,367 6,595 7,249
- Tractors 269 289 329 369 381
- Others 273 287 316 346 351
Total (incl. cars) 22,793 34,905 49,627 71,135 83,412
For inf. purpose:
Motorc. insur.sticker. 53,264 71,340 101,387 138,132 157,186
Pedelecs (in mill.) 1.532 1.988 2.481 3.020 3.322

// Global EV registrations

by selected countries
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
China 13,290 17,640 53,830 207,380 336,000
USA 55,670 96,550 123,210 115,930 158,920
Norway 4,700 10,790 24,400 34,340 45,630
UK 2,760 4,180 14,500 28,190 36,910
France 11,410 13,950 16,570 27,770 34,750
Netherlands 5,120 23,150 15,090 43,770 26,110
Germany* 3,360 7,440 13,050 23,460 25,150
Japan 22,910 29,760 32,420 25,690 22,380
Sweden 930 1,550 4,670 9,000 13,570
Canada 1,970 3,180 5,370 6,940 10,300
Switzerland 760 1,340 2,420 6,240 5,920
Rest of World 5,000 10,000 25,000 30,000 50,000
Total 127,880 219,530 330,530 558,710 765,640
by manufacturers
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Nissan 26,220 48,180 60,420 41,650 47,850
BYD 3,290 2,550 18,310 61,620 100,170
Tesla 3,490 23,420 29,460 45,450 69,920
General Motors 29,440 28,280 23,510 20,790 32,460
Mitsubishi 6,960 23,540 35,890 41,290 26,430
Volkswagen 70 2,430 11,610 54,220 52,230
BMW 740 1,840 16,300 28,210 44,710
Others 57,670 89,290 135,030 265,480 391,880
Total 127,880 219,530 330,530 558,710 765,640
by models
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Nissan Leaf 26,220 48,180 58,080 39,370 45,310
Tesla Model S 2,500 23,170 29,450 45,240 46,340
Chevrolet Volt 25,170 24,890 20,390 16,860 28,210
Mitsubishi Outlander 0 18,590 32,870 38,940 25,360
BYD Qin 0 0 14,750 31,900 21,870
Toyota Prius 22,640 19,310 19,120 2,340 400
BMW i3 0 1,700 14,590 21,830 20,450
Total 76,530 135,840 189,250 196,480 187,940

// EV registrations in Germany

by selected models
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017**
Total BEV, thereof 6,051 8,522 12,363 11,410 7,993
- Smart ED 1,897 1,589 676 79 44
- VW eUP 830 919 547 592 487
- BMW i3 363 1,242 1,051 1,521 1,098
- Renault ZOE 1,019 1,498 1,787 2,804 1,749
- Nissan Leaf 855 812 948 1,121 480
- Tesla Model S 204 815 1,582 1,474 1,046
Total PHEV, thereof 1,384 4,527 11,101 13,744 9,761
- BMW i3 196 987 1,220 1,342 647
- Audi A3 e-tron 0 460 1,809 1,615 1,670
- BMW 225xe Active 0 20 113 1,203 1,286
- VW Golf GTE 1 495 2,087 1,314 465
- VW Passat GTE 0 0 986 1,245 685
- Mitsubishi Outlander 0 1,051 2,126 1,436 1,297

// New registrations of other EV in Germany

by vehicle category
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017**
Motorcycles 1,199 1,274 1,075 1,665 522
Busses, thereof 49 76 26 42 18
- Trolleybusses 0 0 0 0 0
- Plug-in Hybrids 44 50 5 4 10
Utility vehic., thereof 754 810 1,131 2,524 806
- Trucks 677 742 1,033 2,435 781
- Tractors 56 43 65 53 19
- Others 21 25 33 36 6
Total (incl. cars) 9,437 15,209 25,696 29,385 19,100
For inf. purpose:
Motorc. insur.sticker 13,579 23,741 44,006 51,069 32,934
Pedelecs 401,000 464,200 508,300 568,700 318,800


* rounded figures
** Data is provisional, reference period including May 2017

 

Sources:
Own calculations ZSW according to German Federal Motor Transport Authority, European Alternative Fuel Observatory, Hybridcars.com, EV Sales, EV Norway, Avere France, Department for Transport UK, CAAM, Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland, Bil Sweden.